Who Wrote the Bible?

In my last post, we saw that the words in the Bible are living and active because they are God’s words.

But wait a minute, you might be thinking. Didn’t Paul and Peter and John and Moses and David and many others write the Bible? If that’s true, then how can we claim it was written by God too?

I’m glad you asked 🙂

Dual Authorship

Historically, if you asked someone in the church who wrote the Bible — God or man — the answer would be “yes.” Through the centuries, the church has understood the Bible to have a dual authorship.

This means that “While the authors of the Bible wrote as thinking, feeling human beings, God so mysteriously superintended the process that every word written was also the exact word he wanted to be written — free from all error” (Fee & Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All Its Worth).

This is called the Verbal Plenary view of the doctrine of inspiration, in case you want the technical jargon.

What the Bible Says About its Authorship

Biblically, this notion comes from places like 2 Peter 1:21, which says,

For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

So yes, men authored the Bible, but the words they produced were from God through the Holy Spirit.

And then there’s 2 Timothy 3:16-17 which says,

16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

How much of Scripture is breathed out by God? All of it.

That means every word that God intended to be in the Bible has been breathed out by God himself. And the way those words made their way to us is through the written records of what we now call the Bible.

The Word of God

If the Bible is the “Word of God,” then what we’re actually talking about is a book of words that the all-powerful, all-knowing, transcendent God decided to write to us! What could be more important than reading and studying this book?

If we really believe that the Bible is the Word of God, then it should be much more than a book that we are familiar with. It ought to shape every aspect of our existence. It should guide the decisions we make in life.

If God is the designer and creator of this world, if he made us and placed us on this earth, and if he has taken the time to tell us who he is, who we are, and how this world operates, then what could be more important to us than the Bible?

The Bible isn’t merely an inanimate object that we study and pull information from. It has a life of its own. It acts. It reads us; it pierces to the deepest parts of our being and discerns our motivations.

—Francis Chan, Multiply

Since our God is a living God, his Word is alive, and he works through his Word to actively transform every part of our being.


This is part 3 in the Appreciating the Bible series.  Read part 1: Does Your Bible Look Like Brussels Sprouts or Dessert? | Part 2: What is the Bible? | Part 3: Who Wrote the Bible? | Part 4: Why Study the Bible? | Part 5: Bible Study Doesn’t Have to Be a Chore

A Look Inside One of My Prison Visits

As a writer and editor for Prison Fellowship, I have the opportunity to go into prisons all over the country to see the work God is doing in incarcerated men’s and women’s lives. During my last visit to a Virginia prison, our (top-notch) photography and video team was on site to capture the day. It’s hard to describe a prison visit, especially when it’s for a joyous occasion, but hopefully what we pulled together gives you a sense of what one event was like.

You can see the photos and read my recap of the day here.

What is the Bible?

The Bible is the story of God’s action in the world. It tells of his plan and purpose for his creation.

The Bible was written over sixteen centuries by about forty authors. It’s an amazing collection of 66 books, written in different styles and voices but all containing God’s consistent and unchanging message to the world.

The Bible is divided into two section —the Old and New Testaments — and is comprised of a wide variety of literary styles. It’s made up of narratives and dialogues, proverbs and parables, songs and allegories, history and prophecy.

While some of the books were written by eyewitnesses, others were handed down orally and were later put to paper. But there is a remarkable consistency in the story the Bible tells. While the style is diverse, the message is unified.

What the Bible Says About the Bible

That’s, practically speaking, what the Bible is. But let’s look more closely at what the Bible says about itself. And to do that, there’s no better place to go than Psalm 19. It says,


7 The law of the Lord is perfect,
   refreshing the soul.
The statutes of the Lord are trustworthy,
   making wise the simple.
8 The precepts of the Lord are right,
   giving joy to the heart.
The commands of the Lord are radiant,
   giving light to the eyes.
9 The fear of the Lord is pure,
   enduring forever.
The decrees of the Lord are firm,
   and all of them are righteous.

10 They are more precious than gold,
   than much pure gold;
they are sweeter than honey,
   than honey from the honeycomb.
11 By them your servant is warned;
   in keeping them there is great reward.

– Psalm 19:7-11 (NIV)

We learn several things about what the Bible is from these few verses.

  • First, “The law of the Lord” means the law belongs to the Lord and comes from the Lord. The Bible is the Word of God — the very words God would have us know that tell us who he is and what he’s like and what he wants from us and how we are to live and how we can live with him forever. This is why you’ll hear the Bible referred to as the Word of God so often.
  • Next we see that the Word is perfect. That means it’s not incomplete, it doesn’t lack anything. It’s perfect.
  • The Bible is trustworthy. We can bet our lives on its truth and trust what it says.
  • The Bible is clear. It makes wise the simple. Its meaning can be plainly understood and applied to our lives.
  • The precepts of the Lord are right, which means the Bible is true. It’s not a book of simple platitudes or fables, it is the one source of Truth in this world, given to us by God himself.
  • God’s words in the Bible are eternal. The Word of the Lord stands forever; its claims are timeless, unending, and unchanging.
  • And God’s words in the Bible are sweet. They are sweeter than honey, refreshing us and calling us to savor them.

Living and Active

There’s one more thing you need to understand about the words contained in the Bible that makes it different than any other book out there. The words in this book are alive.

Hebrews 4:12 says,

For the word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword, piercing to the division of soul and of spirit, of joints and of marrow, and discerning the thoughts and intentions of the heart.

As you work to interpret God’s Word, God’s Word interprets you — your thoughts and heart and motives and actions. You read the Bible and the Bible reads you.

For Reflection:

  • Spend a couple minutes scheduling your Bible reading. Put it in your phone’s calendar or jot it down.
  • What’s your biggest barrier to reading the Bible regularly?
  • How does delight drive our behavior? Do you delight in reading the Bible? Why or why not?
  • What might help you dig into the Bible more frequently?
  • Look at Psalm 19. What do these verses tell you about the Bible?
  • Re-read Hebrews 4:12. What does this verse tell you about the unique nature of the Bible?

This is part 2 in the Appreciating the Bible series.  Read part 1: Does Your Bible Look Like Brussels Sprouts or Dessert? | Part 2: What is the Bible? | Part 3: Who Wrote the Bible? | Part 4: Why Study the Bible? | Part 5: Bible Study Doesn’t Have to Be a Chore

Does Your Bible Look Like Brussels Sprouts or Dessert?

Imagine yourself sitting down to a table with fresh white linens draped over top. Several pristine utensils sit before you. The napkin is neatly folded. It sits just above a clean, white plate. And on that plate is a big, black leather Bible.

As you look down at that Bible, does it look like the dessert you can’t wait to dig into, or does it look more like the brussels sprouts you shove aside so you can get to the good stuff?

The answer to that question means everything.

Too many of us look down and see a strange, foreign book we want to love, but we don’t know quite what to do with it. It’s just never tasted good, so we move it around on the plate and pretend to enjoy it.

That is not what God intends.

The Epidemic of Biblical Illiteracy

Instead, God means for his Word to satisfy our deepest cravings and to whet our appetites for more.

Psalm 19 says that God’s words are to be desired more than the finest gold and that they are sweeter than the drippings of the honeycomb.

Is that how you feel about the Bible? If you’re like most people, probably not.

Bible engagement is, to put it bluntly, abysmal, even within the church. You might even call it an epidemic. After their recent study of Bible reading, LifeWay Research concluded that Americans are fond of the Bible but don’t actually read it. More than half of Americans have read little or none of the Bible, they found.

Only 45% of those who regularly attend church read the Bible more than once a week. 40% percent of the people attending are reading their Bibles occasionally—maybe once or twice a month, if at all. There are some who read their Bible every day (19%), but for every one of them (19%), someone isn’t reading it at all (18%).

And it’s not as if the Bible is hard to come by in America. The English language Bible continues to be the most popular book in our world. Every year, about 25 million Bibles are sold in the United States. Among those homes that have a Bible, they own an average of three, not to mention the Bible apps on smartphones.

Most of us know this isn’t good, especially those of us in the church. We experience some low to medium level of guilt because we haven’t read the Bible much lately. The church often doesn’t help us feel any better. Over and over again, we hear that reading the Bible is crucial for spiritual growth and we should be in it every day. Yet most people aren’t doing it.

Why is that?

Why We Don’t Read the Bible

Maybe you’ve tried to read the Bible but got frustrated and gave up. Maybe you assume it’s the pastor’s job. Or maybe you don’t have the time or you’re not sure if it’s true. Maybe you just think it’s boring.

Overall, you might think the problem is a lack of discipline. That we’re just not getting up early enough or taking the time to sit down and read a few chapters of the Bible each day. And to some degree, that’s true. But the real issue is deeper.

We don’t have a discipline problem as much as we have a delight problem.

We don’t study the Bible because we don’t delight in the Bible. Think about it. You do what you delight in. You do the things you enjoy. Some of us enjoy kicking back and watching some Netflix or football. Maybe you enjoy exercising or woodworking or riding your motorcycle.

Why do we do these things? Because we enjoy them, we delight in them. When you delight in something, it doesn’t really feel like you have to make time for them; you just do them because you love them.

But so many in the church don’t delight in God’s Word. They don’t enjoy their time with him. And for many of them, I believe that’s because they were never shown how to delight in the Word.

If that’s you, then don’t worry — you’re in good company. In fact, I was just like this not that long ago.

How I Learned to Love the Bible

I’ve only been delighting in the Bible for the last 5 years. Before that, it was a chore at best that I rarely got around to. Reading the Bible for me was like that last item on your to-do list that you keep carrying over to the next one because you don’t want to do it.

To make a long story short, I wound up in seminary and one of my first classes was something called Hermeneutics, which I had to look up before registering. Hermeneutics, I found out, is a fancy word for the study of how to interpret the Bible.

The semester was full of grammar lessons and interpretation methods and practicing outlining the text and learning about the different genres featured in the Bible. Some of it was dry. Much of it was boring.

But it changed my life.

By the end of that course, I felt for the first time like I had a toolbox for the Bible and I knew how to use it. The tools I acquired in that class opened the Bible to me like never before, allowing me to see things I’d never seen and understand things I never imagined.

And it made me mad.

The Greatest Gift I Can Give

Why did it make me mad? Because I had to go outside the church to learn how to read the Bible. I had to pay money to do an online course with people I didn’t know to learn how to read the book the church was telling me to read.

I remember thinking, Why did I have to go to seminary to learn this? Why didn’t someone in the church teach me this?

From then on, I’ve been taking every opportunity I can get to teach what I learned to people in the church.

Aside from the gospel itself, there’s no greater gift to give to people than an understanding of how to read the Bible. It’s the difference in catching fish for someone versus teaching them how to fish. Catching fish for them will feed them for a day. But if you teach them how to fish, you’ll feed them for a lifetime.

So let’s learn to fish. Let’s learn to mine the depths of God’s Word and feast on the riches it contains.

To do that, we’ll first need to understand what the Bible is, which will be the topic of my next post.


This is part 1 in the Appreciating the Bible series.  Read part 1: Does Your Bible Look Like Brussels Sprouts or Dessert? | Part 2: What is the Bible? | Part 3: Who Wrote the Bible? | Part 4: Why Study the Bible? | Part 5: Bible Study Doesn’t Have to Be a Chore

Deep Communion vs. Digital Communication

This is an excerpt of an article by Drew Hunter over at Crossway.


Modern technology is a great tool for keeping up certain aspects of our relationships. Writing emails, sending texts, scanning posts—all of these helpfully complement true companionship. But they cannot fully replace it. These are the shallow ends of relationships. We find these tools convenient, but then we’re tempted to neglect the deeper waters of shared experiences and face-to-face conversation. Very often the way we use technology leads away from, rather than in to, stronger friendships. We often trade deep communion for digital communication.

Technology can hinder friendship in four ways. First, it often depersonalizes communication. We use it to connect, but over time, we feel less, not more, connected. We use it to move closer, but we end up farther away. We trade conversations and experiences for details and updates. We’re more connected to more people more often than ever before, but many of our relationships become more superficial and less satisfying.

Second, technology can disengage us from real communion. Sometimes when we connect with people through technology, we disconnect from those who are sitting right around us. Friends sit across the table at a coffee shop and enjoy friendship, but not with each other—with the friends on the other end of their phones. Once when I visited a workplace, I stepped into a break room and saw six coworkers sitting around a lunch table. The room was silent. Five of them stared at their phones while the sixth looked at her food. She sat at the table with them, but she ate her lunch alone. Surrounded by peers, she had no one to talk to.

Third, technology disembodies conversation. When we engage in person, we experience our friends in unrepeatable and holistic ways. We notice her expressions, intuit her moods, and learn her quirks. Embodied friendship is full of dynamic, realtime, give-and-take interaction. In contrast, digital communication doesn’t demand much more than fingers to flit around a keyboard. This has a place of course, but it doesn’t match experiencing a person’s real presence. For me to see Dane’s head roll back and hear his laugh, to talk through personal challenges across the table with Taylor, to see the romance in Christina’s eyes, to sense the sincerity in Bill’s encouragement, or to pick up the witty humor in Trent’s tone—there is simply no digital equivalent.

Finally, technology creates dependence on less personal ways of addressing personal issues. Confessing sin and admitting failure, or on the other hand, addressing sin and confronting failure—each of these is challenging, and digital communication seems easier. We take time to craft a statement, and we don’t need to worry about immediate reactions. But then we soon prefer to replace a personal meeting with a phone call; a phone call with a voicemail; a voicemail with an email; and an email with a text. Each step smooths the path for the next. Soon we can hardly muster the courage to say anything difficult in person. And without the reassuring eye contact, gentle tone, and responsive clarifications, we often end up adding complications rather than clearing things up.